Enabling JMX counters for performance monitoring
This article describes how to expose JMX MBeans within Bitbucket Server for monitoring with a JMX client.
What is JMX?
JMX (Java Management eXtensions) is a technology for monitoring and managing Java applications. JMX uses objects called MBeans (Managed Beans) to expose data and resources from your application.
Why would I want to enable JMX monitoring within Bitbucket Server?
On this page:
For large instances of Bitbucket Server or Bitbucket Data Center, enabling JMX allows you to more easily monitor the consumption of application resources. This enables you to make better decisions about how to maintain and optimize machine resources.
What can I monitor with JMX?
It is possible to monitor various statistics using JMX counters within Bitbucket Server. Below are some examples of some statistics that can be monitored.
Webhooks statistics (com.atlassian.webhooks:name=Webhooks)
|PublishCount||A count of the total number of events that could trigger webhooks
(A publish may create many dispatches)
|DispatchSuccessCount||Total number of webhooks to fire successfully with a successful HTTP response|
|DispatchRejectedCount||A count of the number of webhook dispatches that were rejected for execution|
|DispatchLastRejectedTimestamp||The last time a webhook was rejected, either from circuit breaking, or due to too many webhooks being in flight|
|DispatchInFlightCount||Total number of dispatches that have been triggered and are awaiting resolution|
|DispatchFailureCount||Total number of webhooks that fired successfully, but the HTTP response indicates a failure
(non 2xx code)
|DispatchErrorCount||Total number of webhooks to have had an error while they were being dispatched|
|DispatchCount||Total number of webhooks to have been dispatched|
|Thread pool||Description||Object name|
|IoPumpThreadPool||Threads that handle external process IO||com.atlassian.bitbucket.thread-pools:name=IoPumpThreadPool|
|ScheduledThreadPool||Thread pool that takes care of several miscellaneous scheduled tasks||com.atlassian.bitbucket.thread-pools:name=ScheduledThreadPool|
|EventThreadPool||Threads that dispatch events to @EventListenermethods||com.atlassian.bitbucket.thread-pools:name=EventThreadPool|
Thread pool attributes
|ActiveCount||Returns the approximate number of threads that are actively executing tasks|
|MaximumPoolSize||Returns the maximum allowed number of threads|
|PoolSize||Returns the current number of threads in the pool|
|QueueLength||The number of tasks awaiting execution by the thread pool|
|LargestPoolSize||The largest number of threads that have ever been simultaneously in the pool|
|CompletedTaskCount||The approximate total number of tasks that have completed execution. Because the states of tasks and threads may change dynamically during computation, the returned value is only an approximation, but one that does not ever decrease across successive calls|
|Count||Number of repositories currently configured in Bitbucket server across all projects|
Scm Statistics (com.atlassian.bitbucket:name=ScmStatistics)
|Pulls||Number of scm pulls serviced by this instance since it was started|
|Pushes||Number of scm pushes received by this instance is it was started|
Bitbucket server uses 'tickets' as a mechanism for creating back-pressure to prevent the system from being overloaded with requests. There are two types of tickets used by Bitbucket server, hosting tickets and command tickets.
Hosting tickets (com.atlassian.bitbucket:name=HostingTickets): Limits the number of SCM hosting operations, meaning pushes and pulls over HTTP or SSH, which may be running concurrently.
Command tickets(com.atlassian.bitbucket:name=CommandTickets): Limits the number of SCM commands, such as: `git diff`, `git blame`, or `git rev-list`, which may be running concurrently.
Bitbucket server supports the following metrics for each ticket type.
|Available||The number of tickets available for acquisition (lower number means higher load)|
|LastRejection||The timestamp of the last rejected ticket, or null if no tickets have been rejected|
|Name||The name of the ticket bucket either 'scm-command' or 'scm-hosting'|
|OldestQueuedRequest||The timestamp at which the oldest queued request started waiting, or null if there are no queued requests|
|QueuedRequests||The number of requests currently waiting for an available ticket|
|Total||The maximum number of tickets that can be acquired concurrently before back-pressure is applied|
|Used||The number of tickets that have been acquired (higher number means higher load)|
Event Statistics (com.atlassian.bitbucket:name=EventStatistics)
|DispatchedCount||Total number of listener callbacks that have been performed. An event that is delivered to 10 listeners counts as 10 dispatches|
|LastRejection||Date of the last event being rejected, or null if no event has been rejected|
|PublishedCount||Total number of events delivered. An event that is delivered to 10 listeners counts as 1 event|
|QueueCapacity||Maximum number of event callbacks that can be queued before events are rejected|
|QueueLength||Number of event callbacks that have been queued but haven't been dispatched yet|
|RejectedCount||Total number of events that were not dispatched because the event queue was full|
|RemainingQueueCapacity||Remaining number of event callbacks that can be queued before events are rejected|
Cluster Lock Statistics (com.atlassian.bitbucket:name=ClusterLocks)
Number of cluster locks that are currently held by this node
Number of threads on this node that are currently blocked waiting for a lock
Total number of times a cluster lock was acquired on this node since startup
Number of times an exception was thrown while trying to acquire a cluster lock on this node since startup
Total time in milliseconds that any thread on this node has spent acquiring a lock (including time blocked waiting for a lock to become available)
Total number of times a cluster lock was released on this node since startup
Total number of times an exception was thrown while releasing a cluster lock on this node since startup
SSH Session Statistics (com.atlassian.bitbucket:name=SshSessions)
|ActiveSessionCount||Number of currently active SSH session|
|MaxActiveSessionCount||Highest number of concurrently active SSH sessions since the last startup|
|SessionClosedCount||Total number of SSH sessions that have been closed since the last startup|
|SessionCreatedCount||Total number of SSH sessions that have been created since the last startup|
|SessionExceptionCount||Total number of SSH sessions that have been terminated because an exception was thrown from the SSH command run|
Interesting 3rd party library attributes
Bitbucket Server exposes the JMX attributes from number of third party libraries. Listed below is a sample of the attributes that are particularly interesting from an operations perspective.
HikariCP - (com.zaxxer.hikari:type=Pool (bitbucket))
|ActiveConnections||Active Connections (in use)|
|IdleConnections||Idle Connection count|
|ThreadsAwaitingConnection||The number of threads waiting for a connection (when all available connections are in use)|
Hibernate - (org.hibernate.core:sessionFactory=bitbucket.core,serviceRole=org.hibernate.stat.Statistics,serviceType=org.hibernate.stat.internal.ConcurrentStatisticsImpl)
|QueryCacheHitCount||Global number of cached queries successfully retrieved from cache|
|QueryCacheMissCount||Global number of cached queries not found in cache|
|SecondLevelCacheHitCount||Global number of cacheable entities/collections successfully retrieved from the cache|
|SecondLevelCacheMissCount||Global number of cacheable entities/collections not found in the cache and loaded from the database|
Expose JMX MBeans within Bitbucket Server
To enable Bitbucket Server to publish specific statistics using JMX you need to
- Locate and open the
bitbucket.propertiesfile in the
<Bitbucket home directory>/
Add this property to the file.
- Save and close the file.
- Create a JMX password file for secure access to JMX monitoring.
- Modify the
set-jmx-opts.shfile to enable Bitbucket Server to expose JMX Mbeans.
These changes will not take effect until Bitbucket Server has been restarted.
Set up the JMX password file
To set up a JMX password file to secure access to JMX monitoring
Create a file named
This file will contain password information. Ensure the file is only readable by the secure user Bitbucket Server will run under. However, note that if the Bitbucket Server user cannot read the file Bitbucket Server will fail to start.
jmx.accessfile to include this property and save the file.
If you wish to use a username other than
controlRoleyou will need to modify the jmxremote.access file located in the /
lib/management/directory of the installed Java.
Modify the Bitbucket Server environment file
To modify the
set-jmx-opts.sh (for Windows
set-jmx-opts.bat) files to enable JMX monitoring for Bitbucket Server
bindirectory, locate the file
set-jmx-opts.bat) and change these properties.
JMX_REMOTE_AUTH=password JMX_REMOTE_PORT=3333 RMI_SERVER_HOSTNAME=-Djava.rmi.server.hostname=<hostname> JMX_PASSWORD_FILE=<path>/jmx.access
- Restart Bitbucket Server.
Expose JMX MBeans when Bitbucket Server is run as a Windows service
To expose JMX MBeans when Bitbucket Server is run as a Windows service
- Stop the Bitbucket Server service.
Open the command line prompt and enter.
Navigate to the Bitbucket Server
cd <Bitbucket Server installation dir>\bin
Run this command.
tomcat8w //ES//AtlassianBitbucket Server
In the window that appears, click on the Java tab to see the list of current startup options. Under "Java Options:" form, input the value
-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.port=<JMX_REMOTE_PORT> -Djava.rmi.server.hostname=<hostname> -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.ssl=false -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.password.file=<JMX_PASSWORD_FILE>
Ensure the owner of this password file is the secure user Bitbucket Server will run as. If the Bitbucket Server user cannot read the file, Bitbucket Server will fail to start.
Replace the values within the < > characters.
Restart Bitbucket Server Service.
Verify JMX is configured correctly
These steps use JConsole to test that JMX has been configured correctly. JConsole is a utility that ships with the Oracle JDK.
To start the jconsole utility, from a command line prompt enter
Create a new JConsole connection with similar connection settings.
bitbucket the hostname of the instance of Bitbucket Server to monitor
the JMX port number previously configured.
username, password values configured within the JMX password file
When configured correctly, you will see these properties.
Example performance dashboard
This dashboard was generated using Java Mission Control that ships with the Oracle JDK (since 1.7u40). See the documentation that comes with your JMX client of choice for more information.
Configuring JMX to use SSL
You can find information about the options for configuring JMX to use SSL in the
set-jmx-opts files. Comprehensive documentation is available from Oracle.