Troubleshooting Character Encodings
Often users may have problems with certain characters in a Confluence instance. Symptoms may include:
- Non-ASCII characters appearing as question marks (?)
- Page links with non-ASCII characters not working
- Single characters being displayed as two characters
- Garbled text appearing
In most cases, it is due to a mis-configuration in one of the components that Confluence uses.
Follow these steps to diagnose the problem.
1. Run the encoding test
Confluence includes an encoding test that can reveal problems with your configuration.
To perform the test, access the Encoding Test page via the
<confluence base-url>/admin/encodingtest.action page on your Confluence instance. You will be required to copy and paste a line of text and submit a form. The test will take the text and pass it through Confluence, the application server and the database, and return the results.
You should also test pasting some sample text (Japanese for example) if you are experiencing problems with a specific language.
If the text displayed in the encoding test is different to what was entered, then there are problems with your character encoding settings.
A successful test looks like the following:
Screenshot: Successful encoding test
MySQL 3.x is known to have some problems with the upper- and lower-casing of some characters, and may fail the last two tests. For more information, see MySQL 3.x Character Encoding Problems.
2. Ensure the same encoding is used across all components
As mentioned in the Configuring Encoding document, the same character encoding should be used across the database, application server and web application (Confluence).
- To change the character encoding used in Confluence, see Configuring Character Encoding.
- To change the character encoding used in the application server, please ensure you set the Application Server URL encoding and view your application server's documentation on any other settings required to enable your encoding.
- To change the character encoding used in the database, see Configuring Database Character Encoding.
3. Requesting support
If there are still problems with character encoding after following the above steps, create a support request, and our support staff will aid in solving your problem.
Entering in the following details will help us to identify your problem:
- Attach screenshots of the problem
- Attach the results of the encoding test (above)
- Select which application server (and version) you are using
- Select which database (and version) you are using
- Copy the contents of the System Information page into the 'Description' field