Documentation for JIRA 4.4. Documentation for other versions of JIRA is available too.

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Linux/Solaris system administration is outside the scope of Atlassian support. This page is provided for your information only.

On Linux/Solaris, the best practice is to install, configure and run each service (including JIRA) as a dedicated user with only the permissions they require.

To install, configure and get JIRA to start automatically on Linux/Solaris:

  1. Create a jira user account which will be used to run JIRA. For example, enter the following at a Linux/Solaris console:

    sudo useradd --create-home -c "JIRA role account" jira

  2. Create a directory into which JIRA will be installed. For example:

    sudo mkdir /opt/atlassian/jira
    sudo chown jira: /opt/atlassian/jira
    

  3. Log in as the jira user to install JIRA:

    sudo su - jira
    

  4. Assuming you downloaded the JIRA standalone from a 'tar.gz' archive, you need to extract it:

    cd /opt/atlassian/jira
    tar zxvf /tmp/atlassian-jira-X.Y-standalone.tar.gz
    ln -s atlassian-jira-X.Y-standalone/ current
    

  5. Edit current/atlassian-jira/WEB-INF/classes/jira-application.properties and set jira.home=/var/atlassian/application-data/jira

  6. Then back as root, create the file /etc/init.d/jira (code shown below), which will be responsible for starting up JIRA after a reboot (or when manually invoked).


  7. Make the init script executable:
    chmod \+x /etc/init.d/jira

  8. Place symlinks in the run-level directories to start and stop this script automatically.

    1. For Debian-based systems:
      update-rc.d jira defaults
      The following commands will be executed to place symlinks in the run-level directories:
      Adding system startup for /etc/init.d/jira ...
         /etc/rc0.d/K20jira -> ../init.d/jira
         /etc/rc1.d/K20jira -> ../init.d/jira
         /etc/rc6.d/K20jira -> ../init.d/jira
         /etc/rc2.d/S20jira -> ../init.d/jira
         /etc/rc3.d/S20jira -> ../init.d/jira
         /etc/rc4.d/S20jira -> ../init.d/jira
         /etc/rc5.d/S20jira -> ../init.d/jira
      
    2. For RedHat-based systems:
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      the init.d script contains chkconfig settings

      sudo /sbin/chkconfig --add jira
  9. Ensure the script is executed in the correct order, in particular after the database startup script.

Thank you for this information

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Thank you to Matthew Block and Pete Toscano for the original comments that we based this information on.