Connecting to an LDAP Directory
You can connect your Confluence application to an LDAP directory for authentication, user and group management.
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We provide built-in connectors for the most popular LDAP directory servers:
- Microsoft Active Directory
- Apache Directory Server (ApacheDS)
- Apple Open Directory
- Fedora Directory Server
- Novell eDirectory
- OpenLDAP Using Posix Schema
- Posix Schema for LDAP
- Sun Directory Server Enterprise Edition (DSEE)
- A generic LDAP directory server
When to use this option: Connecting to an LDAP directory server is useful if your users and groups are stored in a corporate directory. When configuring the directory, you can choose to make it read only, read only with local groups, or read/write. If you choose read/write, any changes made to user and group information in the application will also update the LDAP directory.
Connecting to an LDAP Directory in Confluence
To connect Confluence to an LDAP directory:
- Choose the cog icon , then choose General Configuration
- Click User Directories in the left-hand panel.
- Add a directory and select one of these types:
- Microsoft Active Directory – This option provides a quick way to select AD, because it is the most popular LDAP directory type.
- LDAP – You will be able to choose a specific LDAP directory type on the next screen.
- Enter the values for the settings, as described below.
- Save the directory settings.
- Define the directory order by clicking the blue up- and down-arrows next to each directory on the 'User Directories' screen. Here is a summary of how the directory order affects the processing:
- Changes to users and groups will be made only in the first directory where the application has permission to make changes.
- The order of the directories is the order in which they will be searched for users and groups (by default Confluence aggregates group membership from all directories, so the order does not impact membership itself).
Enter a meaningful name to help you identify the LDAP directory server. Examples:
Select the type of LDAP directory that you will connect to. If you are adding a new LDAP connection, the value you select here will determine the default values for many of the options on the rest of screen. Examples:
The host name of your directory server. Examples:
The port on which your directory server is listening. Examples:
Check this if the connection to the directory server is an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) connection. Note that you will need to configure an SSL certificate to use this setting.
The distinguished name of the user that the application will use when connecting to the directory server. Examples:
By default, all users can read the uSNChanged attribute; however, only administrators or users with relevant permissions can access the Deleted Objects container. The specific privileges required by the user to connect to LDAP are "Bind" and "Read" (user info, group info, group membership, update sequence number, deleted objects), which the user can obtain by being a member of the Active Directory's built-in administrators group.
Note that the incremental sync will fail silently if the Active Directory is accessed by a user without these privileges. This has been reported as CWD-3093.
The password of the user specified above.
Note: Connecting to an LDAP server requires that this application log in to the server with the username and password configured here. As a result, this password cannot be one-way hashed - it must be recoverable in the context of this application. The password is currently stored in the database in plain text without obfuscation. To guarantee its security, you need to ensure that other processes do not have OS-level read permissions for this application's database or configuration files.
The root distinguished name (DN) to use when running queries against the directory server. Examples:
Additional User DN
This value is used in addition to the base DN when searching and loading users. If no value is supplied, the subtree search will start from the base DN. Example:
Additional Group DN
This value is used in addition to the base DN when searching and loading groups. If no value is supplied, the subtree search will start from the base DN. Example:
If no value is supplied for Additional User DN or Additional Group DN this will cause the subtree search to start from the base DN and, in case of a huge directory structure, could cause performance issues for login and operations that rely on login to be performed.
Note: You can only assign LDAP users to local groups when 'External Management User Management' is not selected.
Adding Users to Groups Automatically
Default Group Memberships
Option available in Confluence 3.5 and later, and JIRA 4.3.3 and later. This field appears if you select the 'Read Only, with Local Groups' permission. If you would like users to be automatically added to a group or groups, enter the group name(s) here. To specify more than one group, separate the group names with commas.
Enable Nested Groups
Enable or disable support for nested groups.
Some directory servers allow you to define a group as a member of another group. Groups in such a structure are called nested groups. Nested groups simplify permissions by allowing sub-groups to inherit permissions from a parent group.
|Manage User Status Locally||If true, you can activate and deactivate users in Crowd independent of their status in the directory server.|
|Filter out expired users|
If true, user accounts marked as expired in Active Directory will be automatically removed. For cached directories, the removal of a user will occur during the first synchronization after the account's expiration date.
Note: This is available in Embedded Crowd 2.0.0 and above, but not available in the 2.0.0 m04 release.
Use Paged Results
Enable or disable the use of the LDAP control extension for simple paging of search results. If paging is enabled, the search will retrieve sets of data rather than all of the search results at once. Enter the desired page size – that is, the maximum number of search results to be returned per page when paged results are enabled. The default is 1000 results.
Choose whether to allow the directory server to redirect requests to other servers. This option uses the node referral (JNDI lookup
Naive DN Matching
If your directory server will always return a consistent string representation of a DN, you can enable naive DN matching. Using naive DN matching will result in a significant performance improvement, so we recommend enabling it where possible.
|Enable Incremental Synchronization|
Enable incremental synchronization if you only want changes since the last synchronization to be queried when synchronizing a directory.
Be aware that when using this option, the user account configured for synchronization must have read access to:
If at least one of these conditions is not met, you may end up with users who are added to (or deleted from) the Active Directory not being respectively added (or deleted) in the application.
This setting is only available if the directory type is set to "Microsoft Active Directory".
Update group memberships when logging in
This setting enables updating group memberships during authentication and can be set to the following options:
Synchronization Interval (minutes)
Synchronization is the process by which the application updates its internal store of user data to agree with the data on the directory server. The application will send a request to your directory server every x minutes, where 'x' is the number specified here. The default value is 60 minutes.
Read Timeout (seconds)
The time, in seconds, to wait for a response to be received. If there is no response within the specified time period, the read attempt will be aborted. A value of 0 (zero) means there is no limit. The default value is 120 seconds.
Search Timeout (seconds)
The time, in seconds, to wait for a response from a search operation. A value of 0 (zero) means there is no limit. The default value is 60 seconds.
Connection Timeout (seconds)
This setting affects two actions. The default value is 10.
User Schema Settings
User Object Class
This is the name of the class used for the LDAP user object. Example:
User Object Filter
The filter to use when searching user objects. Example:
More examples can be found in our knowledge base. See How to write LDAP search filters.
User Name Attribute
The attribute field to use when loading the username. Examples:
NB: In Active Directory, the 'sAMAccountName' is the 'User Logon Name (pre-Windows 2000)' field. The User Logon Name field is referenced by 'cn'.
User Name RDN Attribute
The RDN (relative distinguished name) to use when loading the username. The DN for each LDAP entry is composed of two parts: the RDN and the location within the LDAP directory where the record resides. The RDN is the portion of your DN that is not related to the directory tree structure. Example:
User First Name Attribute
The attribute field to use when loading the user's first name. Example:
User Last Name Attribute
The attribute field to use when loading the user's last name. Example:
User Display Name Attribute
The attribute field to use when loading the user's full name. Example:
User Email Attribute
The attribute field to use when loading the user's email address. Example:
User Password Attribute
The attribute field to use when loading a user's password. Example:
|User Unique ID Attribute|
The attribute used as a unique immutable identifier for user objects. This is used to track username changes and is optional. If this attribute is not set (or is set to an invalid value), user renames will not be detected — they will be interpreted as a user deletion then a new user addition.
This should normally point to a UUID value. Standards-compliant LDAP servers will implement this as 'entryUUID' according to RFC 4530. This setting exists because it is known under different names on some servers, e.g. 'objectGUID' in Microsoft Active Directory.
Group Schema Settings
Group Object Class
This is the name of the class used for the LDAP group object. Examples:
Group Object Filter
The filter to use when searching group objects. Example:
Group Name Attribute
The attribute field to use when loading the group's name. Example:
Group Description Attribute
The attribute field to use when loading the group's description. Example:
Membership Schema Settings
Group Members Attribute
The attribute field to use when loading the group's members. Example:
User Membership Attribute
The attribute field to use when loading the user's groups. Example:
Use the User Membership Attribute, when finding the user's group membership
Check this if your directory server supports the group membership attribute on the user. (By default, this is the '
Use the User Membership Attribute, when finding the members of a group
Check this if your directory server supports the user membership attribute on the group. (By default, this is the '
Diagrams of Some Possible Configurations
Diagram above: Confluence connecting to an LDAP directory.
Diagram above: Confluence connecting to an LDAP directory with permissions set to read only and local groups.