The Spring WebApplicationContext could not be started

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Stash does not start and the following message can be seen in the logs:

May 10, 2012 11:41:28 AM org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationContext log
SEVERE: StandardWrapper.Throwable java.lang.IllegalStateException: No WebApplicationContext found: no ContextLoaderListener registered?

On the web browser the following is displayed:

A fatal error has occurred

The following problem occurred which prevents Atlassian Stash from starting correctly:
The Spring WebApplicationContext could not be started


This is a generic message that the application cannot be started and the root causes are varied which often require further investigation of the Stash logs. If, after eliminating the possible causes below the application still fails to start, please create a support issue at and zip and attach to the issue the following directories:

  • <Stash installation directory>/logs
  • $STASH_HOME/log
  • Start Stash in foreground and attach the output:
    • <Stash installation directory>/bin/ -fg

There are five possible causes:

  1.  A trailing slash ( \ ) in the end of the STASH_HOME environment variable. (info) This was fixed in the Stash 1.0.4 release:  STASH-2520 - Getting issue details... STATUS
  2. The hostname you are using must be resolvable (try ping $HOSTNAME). E.g. The hostname localhost has not been added to /etc/hosts. Refer to Stash Fails to Start Up with Exception
  3. The JAVA_HOME variable is not configured.
  4. Stash Does Not Start - Unable to clean the cache directory .
  5. Stash fails to start - The Spring WebApplicationContext could not be started - Unresolved constraint in bundle
  6. If your server does not have enough free physical RAM to allocate to the JVM for Stash.


Regarding the first three possible causes mentioned above there are three resolutions:

  1. Even though this issue has been fixed, instead of:


    it should be (no trailing slash in the end):

  2. Add the name of the Stash server in /etc/hosts associating it to and restart Stash. The entry in /etc/hosts should resemble the following:    hostname
  3. Create a JAVA_HOME variable for the user who is running Stash:

Last modified on Feb 26, 2016

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